U.S.-Turkey Relationship and Syrian Crisis

Tufail Ahmad Peerzada
2.858 644

Abstract


The Syrian crisis is an amalgamation of strategic struggle for power and influence in the Middle East and the internal and external factors which are based on ethnic lines. Some are supporting the Assad regime, while as some are against it. The Syrian crisis has now transformed from a domestic or regional issue to a global security issue. The removal of Assad is a central step for both the Syrian people as well as the anti-Assad comp. However, after three years of fighting, the situation seems to be complex and without any possible outcome. In addition, the presence of extremists (ISIS) and a strong Iranian and Russian support for the regime, the Syrian crisis is jeopardizing the interests of both U.S. and Turkey. Both U.S. and Turkey have numerous national security interests at stake in Syria. However, the interests of both the countries do not perfectly match with each other. Turkey is unhappy about U.S’s unwillingness to help the opposition to topple the Assad regime. Different priorities in the conflict have strained the bilateral relations. The aim of this paper is to analyse the U.S-Turkey relations in the light of recent Syrian crisis. An attempt will be made to highlight the issues which strain the bilateral relationship. This paper will highlight the divergent and convergent points in U.S-Turkey relations. This paper will also focus on U.S and Turkish policies vis-à-vis Syria. The policies of both the countries will be critically evaluated.

 


Keywords


Key Words: U.S.-Turkey Relationship; Syrian Crisis.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21599/atjir.04576

References


Mortan I. Abramowitz, Eric S. Edelman, “U.S.-Turkish Cooperation toward a Post-Assad Syria”, Bipartisan Policy Center, April 2013, p 9.

Erol Cebeci, Kadir Üstun, “The Syrian Quagmire: What’s Holding Turkey Back”?, Insight Turkey, Vol.14, No.2, 2012.

J. Flanagan, Samuel J. Brannen, “Turkey’s Shifting Dynamics: Implications for U.S-Turkey Relations”, Centre for Strategic & International Studies, June 2008.

Philip Robbins, Suits and Uniforms: Turkish Foreign Policy Since the Cold War, Hurst: London, 2003.

Christopher Philips, “Into the Quagmire: Turkey’s Frustrated Syria Policy”, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, Briefing Paper MENAPBP 2012/04, Chatham House: London, 2012.

“Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Handbook: Strategic Information, Activities and Regulations”, International Business Publications: Washington DC, September 2, 2013.

Madeleine K. Albright, (Ed.), “US-Turkey Relations: A New Partnership”, Council on Foreign Relations, Independent Task Force Report No.69, May 1, 2012.

Mehmet Yegin, “Turkey-U.S. Relations: Embedded Disputes”, The Journal of Turkish Weekly, February 4, 2015. http://www.turkishweekly.net/columnist/3933/turkey-u-s-relations-embedded-disputes.html

Meltem Muftuler-Bac, Europe in Change: Turkey’s Relations with a Changing Europe, Manchester University Press: UK, 1997.

Andrew M. Dorman, Joyce P. Kaufman (Ed.), The Future of Transatlantic Relations: Perceptions, Policy and Practice, Stanford University Press: California, 2011.

Dogan Ertugrul, A Test for Turkey’s Foreign Policy: The Syrian Crisis, TESEV: Istanbul, 2012.

Kostas Ifantis, “The US and Turkey in the fog of Regional Uncertainty”, Greese Paper No. 73, LSE: London, August 2013.

Idrees Mohammad, “The Syrian Kurdish Issue in Turkish-Iranian-Iraqi Relations”, Middle East Online, December 7, 2012.

International crisis Group, “Syria’s Mutating Conflict”, Middle East Report No. 128, August 1, 2012.

Fevzi Bilgin and Ali Sarchan (Ed.), UnderstandingTurkey’s Kurdish Question, Lexington Books: United Kingdom, 2013.

Chistopher M. Blanehard, (et el), “Armed Conflicts in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response”, Congressional Research Service, April 9, 2014.

Michael Eisenstadt, “Syria After Assad: Heading Toward a Hard Fall”, The Washington Institute, December 5, 2012.

Ali Unal, “Turkish refugee Camps Provides Best Conditions”, Daily Sabah, April 23, 2014.

“Syria Crisis ECHO Factsheet”, European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection ECHO Factsheet, March 12, 2014.

UNFPA, “Regional Situation Report for Syria Crisis”, Issue No.19, March 31, 2014.

The Huffington Post, February 2, 2014.

UNFPA, “Regional situation Report for Syria Crisis”, Issue No.32, April 1-9, 2015.

Ahmet T. Kuru, “Why did Turkish Policy Toward Syria and Egypt Fail”? Today’s Zaman, July 30, 2014, http://www.todayszaman.com/op-ed_why-did-turkish-policy-toward-syria-and-egypt-fail_354020.html

Jeremay M. Sharp, Christopher M. Blanchard, “Syria: Unrest and U.S. Policy”, RL3348, Congressional Research Service, May 24, 2012.

Christopher M. Blanchard, Alex Arieff, (et el), “Change in the Middle East: Implications for U.S. Policy”, Congressional Research Service, March 7, 2012.

Kitu Bugra Kanat, A Tale of Four Augustus: Obama’s Syria Policy, SETA: Ankara, 2015, pp. 9-12.

Kenneth Katzman, “The ‘Islamic State’ Crisis and US Policy”, R43612, Congressional Research Service, 11 Feb, 2015.

Bulent Aliriza, Bulent Aras, “U.S-Turkish Relations: A Review at the Beginning of the Third Decade of the Post-Cold War Era”, SAM & CSIS, November 2012.

Sonar Cagaptay, “Is the U.S-Turkey Relationship Crumbling”, Policy Watch 2367, The Washington Institute, February 5, 2015.

Semih Idiz, “Turkey not expected to Revise Syria Policy”, Almonitor, December 5, 2014. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2014/12/turkey-syria-policy-not-expected-revise.html#

Ebru Canan-Sokulu (Ed.), Debating Security in Turkey: Challenges and Changes in the 21th Century, Lexington Book: UK, 2013.